The Bureau of Indian Standards, empowered through an Act of the Indian Parliament, known as the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986, operates a product certification scheme by which it grants licences to manufacturers covering practically every industrial discipline from Agriculture to Textiles to Electronics. The certification allows the licensees to use the popular ISI Mark, which has become synonymous with Quality products for the Indian and neighbouring markets over the last more than 55 years. The Bureau's predecessor, the Indian Standards Institution began operating the product certification Scheme since 1955.OPERATING PRINCIPLE
The BIS Product Certification Scheme operates in an impartial, non discriminatory and transparent manner. The documents stating the powers, functions and responsibilities of BIS are published by the Government of India as the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986, BIS Rules, 1987 and BIS (Certification) Regulations, 1988. The specific procedure for operating a licence is given in another document called the Scheme of Testing and Inspection (STI), described later. Procedures provide for maintaining a very high degree of confidentiality and integrity among its personnel who perform certification related tasks. A body called the 'Certification Advisory Committee', composed of persons from varied sectors like manufacturers, consumers, Government agencies, industries associations, reviews the performance of the scheme and advises on key policy issues.
TYPES OF LICENSING
Under separate arrangements with Statutory agencies, some products have been placed under special certification schemes of lot or batch inspection carried out by BIS Inspecting officers. A majority of Gas cylinders, regulators and valves are certified through such schemes.
For all other products, the manufacturer is permitted to self certify the products after ascertaining its conformity to the Standard licensed for. Through its surveillance operations, the Bureau maintains a close vigil on the quality of certified goods.
The BIS Product Certification Scheme is open to manufacturers in all countries without discrimination. Overseas applicants are also granted licence for use of ISI mark under separately designed scheme. FMCS
The certification scheme operates through a network of 34 Branch Offices set up in State capitals or major industrial towns and 5 Regional Offices overseeing the work of the Branch offices BIS Directory .