Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), the National Standards Body of India was established under The Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986. The BIS took over the assets, liabilities and functions of erstwhile Indian Standards Institution which was established in 1947. To protect consumer's interest , BIS operates a Product Certification Scheme. Under the scheme, BIS grants licences to such manufacturers who are capable of producing goods conforming to relevant Indian Standards, on continuous basis. To support the product certification scheme, which requires testing of products on regular basis for checking conformity to the relevant Indian Standards, BIS has established a network of eight laboratories. For list of laboratories click here
As it is neither physically possible nor economically viable for BIS laboratories to develop testing facilities for each and every product covered under BIS Product Certification Scheme, a Laboratory Recognition Scheme (LRS) has been formulated with the objective of having sufficient number of outside laboratories in India and abroad to cater to the needs of Product Certification Scheme.
The Laboratory Recognition Scheme is governed by the provisions under Section 10 (1) h of The BIS Act 1986 and Rule 10(2) of the BIS Rules, 1987. The LAC inter-alia advises BIS on policy matters relating to formulation of guidelines for facilitating the Bureau in recognizing any laboratory in India or abroad for the purpose of testing and associated activities in accordance with sub-rule (2) of Rule 10. These statutory provisions confer upon BIS, powers to recognize any laboratory in India or in any other country for carrying out testing of samples in relation to use of the Standard Mark and such other functions as may be necessary. The Rules also provide for de-recognition of a recognized laboratory by the Bureau for non-fulfillment of any condition laid down at the time of recognition. The guidelines for recognition and de-recognition of the laboratories have been laid down in this Scheme. BIS also maintains a register of such laboratories as are recognized by it for testing of samples of articles or processes in relation to relevant Indian Standards.