Organizations/Departments of Government of India formulating Standards & Technical Regulations and their area of activity
|Website of organization|
Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) - Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution
BIS is the National Standards body functioning under the aegis of Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, Govt. of India. Presently , BIS has 14 Division Councils which are formulating Indian Standards covering all areas other than those mentioned in Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marking) Act, 1937 and the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940. The Indian Standards are priced and may be purchased from BIS sales office or through sales portal.
To find out an Indian Standard for a particular product or process, the user can key-in a few letters of the product name in the search box available on the sales portal. The user can also browse through all the standards under any of the 14 Technical Divisions by using search/browse button next to home button on e-sale portal. Additional details for standard like reaffirmation year, equivalent standard, revision number, superseded by, number of pages, etc can be viewed by clicking on the Standard number.
BIS does not make technical regulations. However there are technical regulations which make compliance to BIS standards mandatory. Technical regulations are issued by various departments under different ministries of Government of India or by different regulators empowered under different states.
For further information relating to formulation of standards by BIS please visit standard development section on BIS website.
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), - Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India has been established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 as a statutory body for laying down science based standards for articles of food and regulating manufacturing, processing, distribution, sale and import of food so as to ensure safe and wholesome food for human consumption.
Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 consolidates various acts and orders that have hitherto handled food related issues in various Ministries and Departments.
Highlights of the Food Safety
and Standard Act, 2006- Various central Acts like Prevention
of Food Adulteration Act, 1954 , Fruit Products Order , 1955, Meat Food
Products Order , 1973,Vegetable Oil Products (Control) Order, 1947,Edible
Oils Packaging (Regulation) Order 1998, Solvent Extracted Oil, De- Oiled
Meal and Edible Flour (Control) Order, 1967, Milk and Milk Products Order,
1992 etc will be repealed after commencement of FSS Act,
For information on Technical regulation issued by FSSAI refer to legislation and notification section on FSSAI website.
The Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO)- Ministry of Commerce and Industry:
With an overall
objective of ensuring safety and security of public and property from fire
and explosion, the Organisation as a statutory authority is entrusted with
the administration of Explosives Act, 1884, Petroleum Act, 1934;
Inflammable Substances Act, 1952 and the following Rules framed under
For more information please visit link given to various rules on the home page of PESO website.
Directorate of Standardization – Ministry of Defence:
The Directorate of Standardisation was established on 26 Jun 1962 under DRDO with the objective of controlling items proliferation within the Defence Services. The organisation was transferred under control of Department of Defence Production & Supplies (DP&S) in 1965. Directorate of Standardisation has 09 Standardisation Cells located at Ichapur, Kanpur, Bangalore, Pune, Jabalpur, Chennai, Dehradun, New Delhi and Hyderabad and four Detachments located at Ahmednagar, Mumbai, Vishakapatnam & Kochi. Dte also has two Training Institutes at Pune and Delhi co-located with the Standardisation Cells at respective locations.
For further information relating to defence standards, please visit the link for 'Access to standards` and how to buy standards.
Central Electricity Authority - Ministry of Power :
The Central Electricity Authority (CEA) is a statutory organization constituted under Section 3 of the repealed Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948. It was established as a part-time body in the year 1951 and made a full-time body in the year 1975.
With the objective of reforming the Power Sector, the Electricity Act, 2003 (No. 36 of 2003) has been enacted and the provisions of this Act have been brought into force with effect from 10th June, 2003. With the coming into force of the Electricity Act, 2003, the Indian Electricity Act, 1910, Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948 and Electricity Regulatory commissions Act, 1998 stand repealed.
As per section 73 of the Electricity Act, 2003, the functions and duties of CEA includes following -
a) advise the Central Government on the matters relating to the national electricity policy, formulate short-term and perspective plans for development of the electricity system and coordinate the activities of the planning agencies for the optimal utilization of resources to sub serve the interests of the national economy and to provide reliable and affordable electricity to all consumers;
b) specify the technical standards for construction of electrical plants, electric lines and connectivity to the grid;
c) specify the safety requirements for construction, operation and maintenance of electrical plants and electric lines;
d) specify the Grid Standards for operation and maintenance of transmission lines;
For further information relating to regulations and standards, please visit the link CEA regulations on home page of website.
Food Corporation of India - Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution
The Food Corporation of India (FCI) was setup under the Food Corporation Act 1964, in order to fulfill following objectives of the Food Policy :
In its 45 years of service to the nation, FCI has played a significant role in India's success in transforming the crisis management oriented food security into a stable security system. FCI's Objectives are:
For information relating to specification of foodgrains, please visit the link `Quality control` on home page of website.
Directorate of Marketing and Inspection - Ministry of Agriculture
The Directorate of Marketing and Inspection (DMI) headed by the Agricultural Marketing Advisor, Department of Agriculture & Co-operation (DAC) implements agricultural marketing policies and programmes of the Government of India.
The functions of DMI includes:
Standardisation, Grading and quality control of agricultural and allied produce
For information relating to standards, please visit the link `Grades and Standards` on home page of website
Central Pollution Control Board - Ministry of Environment and Forests
The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), statutory organisation, was constituted in September, 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. Further, CPCB was entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
It serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests of the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. Principal Functions of the CPCB, as spelt out in the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, and the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, (i) to promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas of the States by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution, and (ii) to improve the quality of air and to prevent, control or abate air pollution in the country.
Air Quality Monitoring is an important part of the air quality management. The National Air Monitoring Programme (NAMP) has been established with objectives to determine the present air quality status and trends and to control and regulate pollution from industries and other source to meet the air quality standards. It also provides background air quality data needed for industrial siting and towns planning.
Besides this, CPCB has an automatic monitoring station at ITO Intersection in New Delhi. At this station Resirable Suspended Particulate Matter (RSPM), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Ozone (O3), Sulphur Dioxide (SO2), Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) and Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM) are being monitored regularly. This information on Air Quality at ITO is updated every week.
Fresh water is a finite resource essential for use in agriculture, industry, propagation of wildlife & fisheries and for human existence. India is a riverine country. It has 14 major rivers, 44 medium rivers and 55 minor rivers besides numerous lakes, ponds and wells which are used as primary source of drinking water even without treatment. Most of the rivers being fed by monsoon rains, which is limited to only three months of the year, run dry throughout the rest of the year often carrying wastewater discharges from industries or cities/towns endangering the quality of our scarce water resources. The parliament of India in its wisdom enacted the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 with a view to maintaining and restoring wholesomeness of our water bodies. One of the mandates of CPCB is to collect, collate and disseminate technical and statistical data relating to water pollution. Hence, Water Quality Monitoring (WQM) and Surveillance are of utmost importance.
The functions of CPCB includes advising the Central Government on any matter concerning prevention and control of water and air pollution and improvement of the quality of air
For information relating to standards, please visit the link `Environmental Standards` on home page of website.
CPCB Website :
Department of Fertilizers - Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers
Department of Fertilizers comes under the ambit of Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers. This Department was earlier used to be named as Department of Chemicals & Fertilizers. The genesis of the Department of Chemicals and Fertilizers can traced to the erstwhile Ministry of Production in the fifties. During that time, while "Fertilizer" subject was being dealt as a part of the Section, the subject matter of "Chemicals" was assigned to Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
The importance of the fertilizer and chemical sectors was recognized in 1963 when the subjects concerned were placed in one Department in the newly set up Ministry of Petroleum and Chemicals. In 1975, with the appointment of a separate Cabinet Minister for Chemicals & Fertilizers, the Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers comprising the Department of Petroleum and the Department of Chemicals & Fertilizers came into being.
A separate Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers came into existence in September, 1982 headed by a Cabinet Minister who is assisted by Minister of State. It was part of the Ministry of Agriculture till 1984. In June, 1991, it become part of newly created Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers. Department of Fertilizers came into existence as a separate Department in September, 1985 consequent upon the bifurcation of the then Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers. Thereafter, this Department was brought under the ambit of Ministry of Agriculture for a short duration. However, the earlier position was restored in 1992.
For information relating to specification of fertilizers, please visit Schedule I of THE FERTILISER (CONTROL) ORDER 1985 under `Production and Availability` on home page of website
Oil Industry Safety Directorate - Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
Oil Industry Safety Directorate (OISD) is a technical directorate under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas that formulates and coordinates the implementation of a series of self regulatory measures aimed at enhancing the safety in the oil & gas industry in India.
The objective of OISD is to formulate and standardise procedures and guidelines in the areas of design, operation and maintenance as also the creation of new assets with a view to achieve the highest safety standards in a cost effective manner.
Standardisation is one of the major activities of OISD. It is required to keep abreast of the latest design and operating practices in the areas of safety and fire fighting in the hydrocarbon processing industry in the developed countries so as to develop standards and codes that would be suitable for the conditions prevailing in India. These OISD standards are periodically reviewed to incorporate the latest technological developments and experiences gained in their implementation so as to update them in line with the current international practices. Six OISD standards have been included in The Petroleum Rules (OISD STD 105,OISD STD 116,OISD STD 117,OISD STD 118,OISD STD 141,OISD STD 156) and Five OISD standards have been included in the Gas Cylinder Rules (OISD STD 144,OISD STD 150,OISD STD 169,OISD STD 179,OISD STD 210) .
LATEST CD OF OISD STANDARDS OCTOBER 2010 EDITION RELEASED
OISD has developed 112 standards as on date.
The latest revised editions of these standards can be obtained from the office of Additional Director(Administration)firstname.lastname@example.org, Oil Industry Safety Directorate, Govt. of India, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, 6th floor New Delhi House, 27 Barakhamba Road, New Delhi -110001 on payment of Rupees 500/- for hard copy of each standard/volume. All these 111 standards are also available in soft copy form in a single CD against the payment of Rupees 10000/- either in cash or bank draft in favour of Oil Industry Safety Directoratee payable at New Delhi .
Complete list of OISD Standards can be seen through link `OISD Standards` on home page of website
OISD Website :
Atomic Energy Regulatory Board – Department of Atomic Energy
The Atomic Energy Regulatory Board was constituted on November 15, 1983 by the President of India by exercising the powers conferred by the Atomic Energy Act to carry out certain regulatory and safety functions under the Act. The regulatory authority of AERB is derived from the rules and notifications promulgated under the Atomic Energy Act and the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
The mission of the Board is to ensure that the use of ionizing radiation and nuclear energy in India does not cause undue risk to health and the environment.
AERB has constituted a number of Advisory Committees that deal with nuclear safety, radiological safety, industrial and fire safety, and occupational health. In addition, there are Advisory Committees for Safety review of various Projects (ACPSR) and Advisory Committees for assisting AERB in its safety documents development work. The Advisory Committee on Nuclear Safety (ACNS) was constituted in January, 1985. to advise AERB on generic issues affecting the safety of nuclear installations including siting, design, construction, commissioning, operation and decommissioning The Committee also reviews and makes final recommendations on the draft AERB safety Codes, Guides and Manuals before they are put up to Chairman, AERB for approval. Similarly, the Advisory Committee on Radiological Safety (ACRS), Advisory Committee on Industrial and Fire Safety (ACIFS) and the Advisory Committee on Occupational Health (ACOH) advises AERB in the respective fields. ACPSRs of various projects recommend to AERB issuance of authorization at different stages during siting, construction and commissioning of nuclear facilities including NPPs, after reviewing the submissions made by the plant authorities and based on the recommendations of the associated Project Design Safety Committees. AERB has constituted an Advisory Committee for preparation of Code & Guides on Governmental Organization for the Regulation of Nuclear & Radiation facilities (ACCGORN). There are also the Advisory Committees for Codes, Guides & Associated Manuals for Safety in Operation of NPPs (ACCGASO) and Safety in Design (ACCGD) as also the Advisory Committee for Safety Documents for Fuel Cycle Facilities (ACSDFCF).
For information relating to directives, please visit the link `Regulations` on home page of website
|AERB Website :
Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board- Ministry of
Petroleum and Natural Gas
The Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) was constituted under The Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board Act, 2006 (NO. 19 OF 2006) notified via Gazette Notification dated 31st March, 2006.
The Act provide for the establishment of Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board to protect the interests of consumers and entities engaged in specified activities relating to petroleum, petroleum products and natural gas and to promote competitive markets and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
Further as enshrined in the act, the board has also been mandated to regulate the refining, processing, storage, transportation, distribution, marketing and sale of petroleum, petroleum products and natural gas excluding production of crude oil and natural gas so as and to ensure uninterrupted and adequate supply of petroleum, petroleum products and natural gas in all parts of the country.
For information relating to standards, please visit the link `Notifications` on home page of website
Directorate General of Mines Safety- Ministry of Labour and Employment
Directorate General of Mines Safety, DGMS in short, is the Regulatory Agency of the Government of India in matters pertaining to occupational safety, health and welfare of persons employed in mines and oil-fields.
The mission of the DGMS is to continuously improve safety and health standards, practices and performance in the mining industry and upstream petroleum industry by implementing:
Pro-active safety and health strategies;
Continuous improvement of processes;
Effective use of resources;
Commitment and professional behaviour in its personnel.
Relevent rules, regulations and DGMS technical circulars can be seen through link `Statues` on home page of website
Important technical circulars issued are :
DGMS Circular on Slope Stability in Opencast Mines
Circular on Audio-Visual Alarm
Circular on Standard of Steel Props, Cogs & Chocks
Circular on Standard of Steel Roof Bolts & Accessories
Circular on Standard of Cement Capsule 5th Revision-2010
DGMS Website :
National Jute Board - Ministry of Textiles
The National Jute Board (NJB) is the apex body for promotion of Indian Jute. Set up under "National Jute Board Act, 2008 (No. 12 of 2009)", the Board is chaired by Secretary, Ministry of Textiles, Government of India. The Board's prime objective is to provide better marketing of jute products, although it addresses itself to multi-dimensional activities.
NJB is a body comprising representatives from all sectors including farmers of jute, producers & exporters of jute products, experts, workmen employed in factories producing jute manufactures, as well as different departments of the Government of India and local governments of jute growing States.
The functions of NJB includes promoting standardization of Jute and Jute Products.
The information on jute products can be seen through `Indian Jute` on the home page of main website
Ministry of Textiles
The Ministry of Textiles is responsible for policy formulation, planning, development export promotion and trade regulation in respect of the textile sector. This included all natural and manmade cellulosic fibres that go into the making of textiles, clothing and handicrafts.
The developmental activities of the Ministry are oriented towards making adequate quantities of raw material available to all sectors of the textile industry and augmenting the production of fabrics at reasonable prices from the organized and decentralised sectors of the industry. Towards this objective, the Ministry lays down guidelines for a planned and harmonious growth of various sectors of the industry. Special emphasis is given to the development of handlooms in view of its large employment potential. The Ministry monitors the techno-economic status of the industry and provides the requisite policy framework for modernisation and rehabilitation. The Ministry coordinates the activities of Textiles Research Associations and lends financial support to them for undertaking research and development.
Standard for cotton can be seen through link `Control orders` on home page of website.
Ministry of Water Resources
The Ministry of Water Resources is responsible for laying down policy guidelines and programmes for the development and regulation of country's water resources.
The functions of Ministry include the following :-
The standard on water quality can be seen through link `water related problems` on the home page of website
National Horticulture Board (NHB) - Ministry of Agriculture
National Horticulture Board (NHB) was set up by the Government of India in 1984 as an autonomous society under the Societies Registration Act 1860. Board has its Head Quarter in Institutional Area, Sector 18, Gurgaon (Haryana).
The Managing Director is the Principal Executive of NHB who implements various schemes under overall supervision and guidance of the Board of Directors of NHB as well as the Department of Agriculture & Co-operation, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India.
The aims & objectives of NHB includes : -
Promotion of applied R & D for standardizing PHM protocols, prescribing critical storage conditions for fresh horticulture produce, bench marking of technical standards for cold chain infrastructure etc.
The standard on cold storages can be seen through link `Technical Standard for cold storages` on the home page of website
|NHB Website :
Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries - Ministry of Agriculture
The Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying (AH&D) - now renamed as Department of Animal Husbandry Dairying & Fisheries (DADF) is one of the Departments in the Ministry of Agriculture and came into existence w.e.f. 1st February, 1991, by converting two divisions of the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation namely Animal Husbandry and Dairy Development into a separate Department. The Fisheries Division of the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation and a part of the Ministry of Food Processing Industries were later transferred to this Department w.e.f. 10th October, 1997.
The Department is responsible for matters relating to livestock production, preservation, protection from disease and improvement of stocks and dairy development, and also for matters relating to the Delhi Milk Scheme and the National Dairy Development Board. It also looks after all matters pertaining to fishing, fisheries, inland and marine.
The Department advises State Governments/Union Territories in the formulation of policies and programmes in the field of Animal Husbandry, Dairy Development and Fisheries.
The function of DADF includes :
• Strengthening of Central livestock farms (Cattle, Sheep and Poultry) for development of superior germ plasm for distribution to states
Norms for AI Technicians can be seen through the link on `Standards Operating Procedures for AI Technicians` on the home page of website.
Norms for Progeny Testing can be seen through the link on `Minimum Standards for Progeny Testing` on the home page of website.
Centre for Fire, Environment & Explosive Safety - Ministry of Defence
This establishment presently known by the name as CFEES (Centre for Fire, Environment & Explosive Safety) got its name in 2003. Before that its name was CEES.
The CEES was established in the year 1992 by the merger of three erstwhile establishments viz. (I) DRDO Computer Centre, Delhi, (ii) Directorate of Explosives Safety, DRDO, HQ, and (iii) Fire Adviser’s Office DRDO, HQ.
In year 2000 another DRDO Lab "Defence Institute of Fire Research (DIFR)" was merged with CEES and the merged entity continued to be named as CEES. In order to emphasize important activity of Fire Science of this lab, Government renamed CEES as CFEES in 2003.
Norms for Protective Fabrics, Foam Concentrates, Dry Chemical Powder, Fire Extinguishers, Hose, Pipes, Fittings etc can be seen through link `Facilities Available` on the home page of website
Secretariat for Infrastructure, Planning Commission
The in the Planning Commission is involved in initiating policies that would ensure time-bound creation of world Secretariat for Infrastructure class infrastructure delivering services matching international standards, developing structures that maximize the role of public-private partnerships (PPPs) and monitoring progress of key infrastructure projects to ensure that established targets are realized.
The Cabinet Committee on Infrastructure (CCI), under the Chairmanship of the Prime Minister, was constituted on July 6, 2009. It substituted the Committee on Infrastructure which was set up on 31st August, 2004 under the chairmanship of Prime Minister. The CCI approves and reviews policies and monitors implementation of programmes and projects across infrastructure sectors
Norms for two-laning of highways can be seen through link `Manual of specification and standards` on home page of website
Norms for four-laning of highways can be seen through link `Manual of specification and standards` on home page of website
e Governance Standards Portal - Department of Information Technology
The Government of India has launched the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) with the intent to support the growth of e-governance within the country. The Plan envisages creation of right environments to implement G2G,G2B,G2E and G2C services.
To ensure Interoperability among e-Governance applications, Government of India has setup an Institutional mechanism for formulation of Standards through collaborative efforts of stakeholders like Department of Information (DIT), National Informatics Centre (NIC), Standardization Testing and Quality Certification( STQC), other Government departments, Academia, Technology Experts, Domain Experts, Industry, BIS, NGOs etc. In this process there is a provision of formal Public review also.
The e-Governance Standards portal ( http://egovstandards.gov.in ) provides a platform for password protected sharing of ideas, knowledge, and draft documents among the members of various committees involved in standards formulation process. It also has a provision for web publishing of draft documents for review comments by the closed user group and the Public.
The duly approved standards by Government’s Apex body consisting of Senior Strategic members from: DIT, NIC, NASCOM, BIS,CDAC, Planning Commission etc. would be released on the web site http://stqc.nic.in by STQC for free down load and usage.
The activities of E-Governance Standards Division includes :
All draft standards made by Working groups /Technical groups can be seen on the home page of website by clicking on them
Standardisation Testing and Quality Certification - Department of Information Technology
Standardization Testing and Quality Certification (STQC) Directorate is an attached office of the Department of Information Technology(DIT), Government of India, provides quality assurance services in the area of Electronics and IT through countrywide network of laboratories and centres.
In the area of Information Technology, STQC provides assurance services through its six IT Centres for Software Quality testing, Information Security and IT Service Management by conducting testing, training, audit and certifications. STQC is responsible for maintaining eGov standards. Based on this concept a Conformity Assessment Framework (CAF) for e-Governance project has also been developed and is in operation. Two IT test laboratories, at Bangalore and Kolkatta, have received accreditation from American Association for Laboratory Accreditation (A2LA) being the first outside the USA.
Norms for e Gov Standards can be seen through link `e Gov Standards ` on home page of website
The Central Council for Research in Ayurveda & Siddha (CCRAS) – Department of AYUSH
The Central Council for Research in Ayurveda & Siddha (CCRAS) is an autonomous body of the department of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy), Ministry of Health Family Welfare, Government of India.
It is an apex body in India for the formulation, co-ordination, development and promotion of research on scientific lines in Ayurveda and Siddha systems of medicine and also the Sowa-Rigpa, commonly known as Tibetian or Amchi medicine.
History and functions of Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Committee (APC) can be seen through the link Pharmacopoeial Work /Ayurveda on home page of website which includes the following :
Ayurvedic Formulary of India:
To bring uniformity among the manufacturers and to follow the same formula of ingredients in the same proportion, two parts of Ayurvedic Formulary of India has been published.
And can be seen through the link :
CCRAS Website :
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
Ministry of Health
and Family Welfare is charged with health policy in India. It is also
responsible for all government programs relating to family planning in
Department of health can be accessed through link http://www.mohfw.nic.in/depth.html on home page of website.
The Prevention of Food Adulteration Acts and Rules can be accessed through link`Prevention of Food Adulteration` on home page of above website.
Various notifications issued from time to time by Ministry /Department of Health / FSSAI covering various food products, MRL of different pesticides, labeling provisions, amendments, corrigendum’s etc including draft notifications on above areas can be seen through the link i.e. http://www.mohfw.nic.in/pfa.htm
The Indian Roads Congress (IRC) is the premier technical body of Highway Engineers in the country. The IRC was set up in December, 1934 on the recommendations of the Indian Road Development Committee best known as Jayakar Committee set up by the Govt. of India with the objective of Road Development in India. As the activities of the IRC expanded, it was formally registered as a Society in 1937 under the Societies Registration Act of 1860. Over the years Congress has burgeoned and grown into a multi -dimensional many faceted organization, devoted to the cause of better roads & better bridges in the country.
The Congress provides a National forum for sharing of knowledge and pooling of experience on the entire range of subjects dealing with the construction & maintenance of roads and bridges, including technology, equipment, research, planning, finance, taxation, organisation and all connected policy issues. In more specific terms the objectives of the Congress are:
Delhi Electricity Regulatory Commission
The Govt. of India had enacted the Electricity Regulatory Commissions Act, 1998 (No.14 of 1998) on 2nd July, 1998 with the objective of providing for the establishment of a Central Electricity Regulatory Commission and State Electricity Regulatory Commissions, rationalisation of electricity tariff, transparent policies regarding subsidies, promotion of efficient and environmentally benign policies and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
Research Designs and Standards Organization
Railways were introduced in India in 1853 and as their development progressed through to the twentieth century, several company managed systems grew up. To enforce standardization and co-ordination amongst various railway systems, the Indian Railway Conference Association (IRCA) was set up in 1903, followed by the Central Standards Office (CSO) in 1930, for preparation of designs, standards and specifications. However, till independence, most of the designs and manufacture of railway equipments was entrusted to foreign consultants. With Independence and the resultant phenomenal increase in country’s industrial and economic activity, which increased the demand of rail transportation - a new organization called Railway Testing and Research Centre (RTRC) was setup in 1952 at Lucknow.
Central Electricity Regulatory Commission
The Commission intends to promote competition, efficiency and economy in bulk power markets, improve the quality of supply, promote investments and advise government on the removal of institutional barriers to bridge the demand supply gap and thus foster the interests of consumers. In pursuit of these objectives the Commission aims to –
Central Board of Irrigation & Power
Central Board of Irrigation & Power (CBIP),
a Premier Institution, rendering dedicated services to professional
organizations, engineers and individuals for more than 81 years, resulting
in accelerated development in Water Resources, Energy and Allied Fields,
including renewable energy, in the country and abroad. CBIP has grown into
an eminent organization of international importance while serving the
nation equally with great distinction. CBIP is Indian chapter for 10
international organizations related to aforesaid sector.
Coconut Development Board
Coconut Development Board (CDB) is a statutory body established under the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India for the integrated development of coconut cultivation and industry in the country with focus on productivity increase and product diversification.
Ministry of Shipping, Road Transport and Highways
Spices Board India
Spices Board (Ministry of Commerce, Government of India) is the flagship organization for the development and worldwide promotion of Indian spices. The Board is an international link between the Indian exporters and the importers abroad. The Board has been spearheading activities for excellence of Indian spices, involving every segment of the industry. The Board has made quality and hygiene the corner stones for its development and promotional strategies.
Central Insecticides Board and Registration Committee
Although most of the dangers from unregulated and indiscriminate use of pesticides were brought into focus as early as in the year 1958 when the Government of India appointed a Commission of enquiry to suggest Inter-alia remedial measures following a number of deaths in Kerela and Madras (Tamil Nadu) by poisoning through the consumption of imported wheat contaminated by pesticide accidentally which was shipped together with food grains. The whole question of pesticide use and legislation was studied in 1964-67 by an Expert Committee of Indian Council of Agricultural Research headed by Prof. M.S. Thacker. Based on the recommendations of the Expert Committee a comprehensive Insecticides Act was passed in 1968 to regulate the import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and use of insecticides with a view to prevent risks to human beings and animals and for other matters connected therewith. The enforcement of Act was transferred to the Ministry of Agriculture in the year 1970 by the Ministry of Health and family Planning. The department of Agriculture of this Ministry took immediate steps to frame the Rules and constituted Central insecticides Board and Registration committee. The states were simultaneously advised to appoint all functionaries mentioned in the Act. After the stage was fully set, all the provisions of the Insecticides Act was brought into force with effect from 1st August, 1971. In the Act and the Rules framed there under, there is compulsory registration of the pesticides at the Central level and license for their manufacture, formulation and sale are dealt with at the State level. With the enforcement of the Insecticides Act in the country pesticides of very high quality are made available to the farmers and general public for house-hold use, for protecting the agricultural crops from the ravages of their pests, humans from diseases and nuisance caused by public health pests and the health hazards involved in their use have been minimized to a great extent. For the effective enforcement of the Insecticides Act, the following bodies have been constituted at the Central level -
Export Inspection Council of India
The Export Inspection Council (EIC) was set up by the Government of India under Section 3 of the Export (Quality Control and Inspection) Act, 1963 (22 of 1963), in order to ensure sound development of export trade of India through Quality Control and Inspection and for matters connected thereof.
EIC is an advisory body to the Central Government, which is empowered under the Act to:
Besides its advisory
role, the Export Inspection Council, also exercises technical and
administrative control over the five Export Inspection Agencies (EIAs),
one each at Channai, Delhi, Kochi, Kolkata and Mumbai established by the
Ministry of Commerce, Government of India, under Section 7 of the Act for
the purpose of implementing the various measures and policies formulated
by the Export Inspection Council of India.
Certification of quality
of export commodities through installation of quality assurance systems
(In-process Quality Control and Self Certification) in the exporting units
as well as consignment wise inspection.
The Marine Products Export Development Authority
Origin of MPEDA
The Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) was constituted in 1972 under the Marine Products Export Development Authority Act 1972 (No.13 of 1972). The role envisaged for the MPEDA under the statute is comprehensive - covering fisheries of all kinds, increasing exports, specifying standards, processing, marketing, extension and training in various aspects of the industry.
Structure, Activities & Network
MPEDA functions under the Ministry of Commerce, Government of India and acts as a coordinating agency with different Central and State Government establishments engaged in fishery production and allied activities.
The composition of the Authority is given in Annex I.
Standing Committees of MPEDA
The plan schemes of the Authority are implemented under seven major heads:
The Agricultural and Processed Food products Export Development
The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) was established by the Government of India under the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority Act passed by the Parliament in December, 1985. The Act (2 of 1986) came into effect from 13th February, 1986 by a notification issued in the Gazette of India: Extraordinary: Part-II [Sec. 3(ii): 13.2.1986). The Authority replaced the Processed Food Export Promotion Council (PFEPC).
Functions of APEDA
In accordance with the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority Act, 1985, (2 of 1986) the following functions have been assigned to the Authority.
Central Drugs Standard Control Organization
Under the Drug and Cosmetics Act, the regulation of manufacture, sale and distribution of Drugs is primarily the concern of the State authorities while the Central Authorities are responsible for approval of New Drugs, Clinical Trials in the country, laying down the standards for Drugs, control over the quality of imported Drugs, coordination of the activities of State Drug Control Organisations and providing expert advice with a view of bring about the uniformity in the enforcement of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act.
Drug Controller General of India is responsible for approval of licenses of specified categories of Drugs such as blood and blood products, I. V. Fluids, Vaccine and Sera.
Central Drugs Standard Control Organization Head quarter is located at FDA Bhawan, Kotla Road, New Delhi 110002 and functions under the Directorate General of Health Services.
Department of Agriculture and Cooperation
The UNION MINISTER holds overall charge of Ministry of Agriculture and assisted by MOS(A).
The Ministry comprises of Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Department of Agricultural Research & Education and Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying.
The Secretary (A & C) is the administrative head of the Department and Principal Adviser to the Minister on all matters of policy and administration within the Department. He/She is assisted by Additional Secretaries, Agriculture Commissioner, Economic Statistical Advisor, Joint Secretaries, Horticulture Commissioner and Plant Protection Advisor .
Ministry of Food Processing Industries
The Ministry of Food Processing Industries, set up in July 1988, is the main central agency of the Government responsible for developing a strong and vibrant food processing sector; with a view to create increased job opportunities in rural areas, enable the farmers to reap benefit from modern technology, create surplus for exports and stimulating demand for processed food.
SUBJECTS HANDLED BY THE MINISTRY:
The subjects looked after by the Ministry are:
The Cashew Export Promotion Council of India
The Cashew Export Promotion Council of India(CEPC) was established by the Government of India in the year 1955, with the active cooperation of the cashew industry with the object of promoting exports of cashew kernels and cashewnut shell liquid from India. By its very set up, the Council provides the necessary institutional frame-work for performing the different functions that serve to intensify and promote exports of cashew kernels and cashewnut shell liquid.
The Council provides the necessary liaison for bringing together foreign importers with member exporters of cashew kernels. The enquiries received from the foreign importers are circulated amongst Council members.
The Council also extends its good offices in settling complaints amicably in the matter of exports/imports either on account of quality and /or variation in fulfillment of contractual obligations.
The Medical Council of India
The Medical Council of India was established in 1934 under the Indian Medical Council Act, 1933, now repealed, with the main function of establishing uniform standards of higher qualifications in medicine and recognition of medical qualifications in India and abroad. The number of medical colleges had increased steadily during the years after Independence. It was felt that the provisions of Indian Medical Council Act were not adequate to meet with the challenges posed by the very fast development and the progress of medical education in the country. As a result, in 1956, the old Act was repealed and a new one was enacted. This was further modified in 1964, 1993 and 2001.
The objectives of the Council are as follows:-
Department of Biotechnology (under the Ministry of Science and Technology)
The setting up of a separate Department of Biotechnology (DBT), under the Ministry of Science and Technology in 1986 gave a new impetus to the development of the field of modern biology and biotechnology in India. In more than a decade of its existence, the department has promoted and accelerated the pace of development of biotechnology in the country. Through several R&D projects, demonstrations and creation of infrastructural facilities a clear visible impact of this field has been seen. The department has made significant achievements in the growth and application of biotechnology in the broad areas of agriculture, health care, animal sciences, environment, and industry.
The impact of the biotechnology related developments in agriculture, health care, environment and industry, has already been visible and the efforts are now culminating into products and processes. More than 5000 research publications, 4000 post-doctoral students, several technologies transferred to industries and patents filed including US patents, can be considered as a modest beginning. Department of Biotechnology (DBT) has been interacting with more than 5,000 scientists per year in order to utilise the existing expertise of the universities and other national laboratories. A very strong peer reviewing and monitoring mechanism has been developed. There has been close interaction with the State Governments particularly through State S & T Councils for developing biotechnology application projects, demonstration of proven technologies, and training of human resource in States and Union Territories. Programmes with the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, West Bengal, Haryana, Punjab, Jammu & Kashmir, Mizoram, Andhra Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh have been evolved. Biotechnology Application Centres in Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal have already been started.
A unique feature of the department has been the deep involvement of the scientific community of the country through a number of technical task forces, advisory committees and individual experts in identification, formulation, implementation and monitoring of various programmes and activities.
In India, more than a decade of concerted effort in research and development in identified areas of modern biology and biotechnology have given rich dividends. The proven technologies at the laboratory level have been scaled up and demonstrated in field. Patenting of innovations, technology transfer to industries and close interaction with them have given a new direction to biotechnology research. Initiatives have been taken to promote transgenic research in plants with emphasis on pest and disease resistance, nutritional quality, silk-worm genome analysis, molecular biology of human genetic disorders, brain research, plant genome research, development, validation and commercialisation of diagnostic kits and vaccines for communicable diseases, food biotechnology, biodiversity conservation and bioprospecting, setting up of micropropagation parks and biotechnology based development for SC/ST, rural areas, women and for different States.
Necessary guidelines for transgenic plants, recombinant vaccines and drugs have also been evolved. A strong base of indigenous capabilities has been created. The field of biotechnology both for new innovations and applications would form a major research and commercial endeavor for socio-economic development in the next millennium.
Tea Board of India
Tea is one of the industries, which by an Act of Parliament comes under the control of the Union Govt. The genesis of the Tea Board India dates back to 1903 when the Indian Tea Cess Bill was passed. The Bill provided for levying a cess on tea exports - the proceeds of which were to be used for the promotion of Indian tea both within and outside India. The present Tea Board set up under section 4 of the Tea Act 1953 was constituted on 1st April 1954. It has succeeded the Central Tea Board and the Indian Tea Licencing Committee which functioned respectively under the Central Tea Board Act, 1949 and the Indian Tea Control Act, 1938 which were repealed. The activities of the two previous bodies had been confined largely to regulation of tea cultivation and export of tea as required by the International Tea Agreement then in force, and promotion of tea Consumption.
Automotive Research Association of India ( ARAI )
The Automotive Research Association of India ( ARAI ) has been playing a crucial role in assuring safe, less polluting and more efficient vehicles. ARAI provides technical expertise in R & D, testing, certification, homologation and framing of vehicle regulations.
ARAI is a co-operative industrial research association established by the automotive industry with the Ministry of Industries, Government of India. It works in harmony and complete confidence with its members, customers and the Government of India to offer the finest services, which earned for itself ISO 9001, ISO 14001, OHSAS 18001 and NABL accreditations.
ARAI is well-equipped with state-of-the-art infra-structural facilities and highly qualified manpower.
Office of the Textile Commissioner
The Office of the Textile Commissioner was established in 1943 during the Second World War period for arranging the supply of cloth to the defense forces as well as civilian population. After the end of World War II, the Textile Commissioner was given the regulatory function of administering the prices, distribution and control of certain varieties of cloth meant for civilian consumption in the post-war conditions of scarcity.
However, over a period of time this office has assumed a developmental role and has contributed towards modernization and holistic all round growth of diversified and broad based textile industry . This office formulates and implements various schemes of the Govt. in an industry friendly manner. The major strength of this office lies in very strong, technical and economic wing manned by professionally qualified and experienced officers. In addition, this office has wide reach through its 8 regional offices and 14 power loom service centers located in major textile clusters. The regional offices in co-ordination with head office are providing requisite technical support to the industry particularly decentralized sector of the industry in their endeavor to meet successfully the challenges of the globalised economy.
This office through its pro-active and industry friendly role has facilitated textile industry becoming a sunshine Industry.
Directorate General of Supplies and Disposals
Role & Functions of DGS&D
Office of the Jute Commissioner
The Jute Commissioner looks after orderly development and promotion of the jute industry in India. He has been discharging both regulatory and developmental functions. This is not only includes jute mills, but covers right from raw jute marketing up to the finishing stage of jute goods production including development of machineries and accessories used in jute manufacturing units. The Jute Commissioner exercises regulatory powers under Jute & Jute Textiles Control Order, 2000.
The primary functions of the office are :
Telecommunication Engineering Centre (TEC)
Directorate General of Civil Aviation
Directorate General of Civil Aviation is an attached office of the
Ministry of Civil Aviation.
Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF)
The Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF) is the nodal agency in the administrative structure of the Central Government for the planning, promotion, co-ordination and overseeing the implementation of India's environmental and forestry policies and programmes.
The primary concerns of the Ministry are implementation of policies and programmes relating to conservation of the country's natural resources including its lakes and rivers, its biodiversity, forests and wildlife, ensuring the welfare of animals, and the prevention and abatement of pollution. While implementing these policies and programmes, the Ministry is guided by the principle of sustainable development and enhancement of human well-being.
The Ministry also serves as the nodal agency in the country for the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme (SACEP), International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and for the follow-up of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED). The Ministry is also entrusted with issues relating to multilateral bodies such as the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD), Global Environment Facility (GEF) and of regional bodies like Economic and Social Council for Asia and Pacific (ESCAP) and South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation (SAARC) on matters pertaining to the environment.
The broad objectives of the Ministry are:
These objectives are well supported by a set of legislative and regulatory measures, aimed at the preservation, conservation and protection of the environment. Besides the legislative measures, the National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development, 1992; National Forest Policy, 1988; Policy Statement on Abatement of Pollution, 1992; and the National Environment Policy, 2006 also guide the Ministry's work.
The Directorate General, Factory Advice and Labor Institutes (DGFASLI)
The office of the Chief Adviser of factories, which is now called Directorate General, Factory Advice Service and Labour Institutes, was setup in 1945 with the objective of advising Central And State Governments on administration of the Factories Act and coordinating the factory inspection services in the States. The Directorate General, Factory Advice and Labour Institutes (DGFASLI) comprises:
The DGFASLI is an attached office of the Ministry of Labour & Employment, Government of India and serves as a technical arm to assist the Ministry in formulating national policies on occupational safety and health in factories and docks. It also advises factories on various problems concerning safety, health, efficiency and well - being of the persons at work places.
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